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Outcomes of minimally invasive valve surgery in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22555309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that minimally invasive valve surgery in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is superior to the conventional median sternotomy approach. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2846 consecutive surgery performed at our institution between January 2005 and September 2010, and identified 165 patients with COPD who underwent isolated valve surgery. In-hospital mortality, composite complication rates, intensive care unit and total hospital length of stay of those who had undergone a minimally invasive approach were compared with a cohort that underwent a standard median sternotomy approach. RESULTS: Of the 165 patients, 100 underwent a minimally invasive approach and 65 had a median sternotomy. Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two groups. The mean age was 71 ± 11 years for the minimally invasive group and 68 ± 12 years for the median sternotomy group, (P = 0.31). In-hospital mortality was 1 (1%) in the minimally invasive group and 3 (5%) in the median sternotomy group, P = 0.14. Composite postoperative complications were significantly reduced in the minimally invasive group (30 versus 54%, P = 0.002). The median intensive care unit length of stay was 47 h (IQR 40-70) versus 73 h (IQR 51-112), P < 0.001, and the median postoperative length of stay was 6 days (IQR 5-9) versus 9 days (IQR 7-13), P < 0.001, for the minimally invasive and the median sternotomy groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive valve surgery in patients with COPD is associated with excellent short-term results, and thus should be considered an option in these patients.
Authors:
Orlando Santana; Javier Reyna; Alexandre M Benjo; Gervasio A Lamas; Joseph Lamelas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Columbia University Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Heart Institute, Miami Beach, FL, USA.
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