Document Detail

Outcomes from assisted reproductive technology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16394060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) for treating the infertile couple is increasing in the United States. The purpose of this paper is to review the short-term outcomes after ART. Pregnancy rates after ART have shown nearly continuous improvement in the years since its inception. A number of factors affect the pregnancy rate, with the most important being a woman's age. Certain clinical diagnoses are associated with a poorer outcome from ART, including the presence of hydrosalpinges, uterine leiomyomata that distort the endometrial cavity, and decreased ovarian reserve. Multiple gestations are the major complication after ART. New laboratory techniques, including extended embryo culture, may allow the transfer of fewer embryos to maintain pregnancy rates while reducing the risk of multiple gestations. Although much of the morbidity in children born after ART is the result of multiples, recent analysis suggests that even singletons are at higher risk for perinatal morbidity, including preterm delivery and small for gestational age infants. In vitro fertilization may be associated with a slight increased risk for birth defects. The major short-term complication of ART in women is the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. This syndrome is difficult to predict, but new treatments are being developed that may limit its frequency. Because of its high pregnancy rate, couples are moving to ART more quickly in the management of their infertility. All outcomes of ART, including pregnancy rates and adverse complications, need to be compared with standard non-ART therapy when deciding the appropriate course of treatment for a given couple.
Bradley J Van Voorhis
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-05     Completed Date:  2006-03-02     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-200     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1080, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Infertility, Female / diagnosis*
Maternal Age
Middle Aged
Pregnancy Outcome*
Pregnancy Rate*
Reproductive Techniques, Assisted / adverse effects,  standards*
Risk Assessment
Sensitivity and Specificity
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Incorporating first-trimester Down syndrome studies into prenatal screening: executive summary of th...
Next Document:  Norepinephrine differentially modulates different types of respiratory pacemaker and nonpacemaker ne...