Document Detail

Outcomes following oesophageal stent insertion for palliation of malignant strictures: A large single centre series.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22161899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) are an accepted intervention for malignant dysphagia. Stents vary in ease of insertion, removability, migration and occlusion rates. This series reports the complications, morbidity and mortality associated with several SEMS.
METHOD: A prospective database of patients undergoing fluoroscopic guided oesophageal stent insertion for malignancy between June 2001 and June 2009 was analysed. Patient demographics, intervention outcomes and tumour variables were correlated with stent failure and patient survival. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate predictors for stent failure.
RESULTS: Two hundred and seventy-three stents were deployed using nine different types of SEMS. The median Mellow-Pinkas dysphagia score significantly improved from 3 to 1 post-stent insertion (P < 0.001), with a technical success rate of 98%. Stent complications occurred in 95 (36%) patients [recurrent dysphagia n = 49 (19%), migration n = 24 and occlusion n = 25]. Multivariate analysis demonstrates that the covered Niti S stent fails significantly more than the double-layered Niti S stent (OR = 4, P < 0.005).
CONCLUSION: Oesophageal stent insertion provides good palliation for malignant dysphagia, however recurrent dysphagia remains a problem. This major complication occurs more frequently with covered Niti S stents than double-layered Niti S stents. This finding may aid the stent choice used in advanced oesophageal malignancy. J. Surg. Oncol. 2012; 105:60-65. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Nicholas J Battersby; Glenn K Bonney; Daren Subar; Laura Talbot; Bart Decadt; Niall Lynch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of surgical oncology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1096-9098     ISO Abbreviation:  J Surg Oncol     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0222643     Medline TA:  J Surg Oncol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Upper GI Surgery, Stockport NHS Foundation Trust, Stepping Hill Hospital, Stockport, Cheshire, UK; Department of General Surgery, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK.
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