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Outcomes of diverting jejunostomy for severe necrotizing enterocolitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21683195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A diverting jejunostomy without bowel resection is an option for surgical management of extensive necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We aimed to determine outcomes of infants who underwent this operation.
METHODS: We collected clinical and outcome data on infants undergoing a diverting jejunostomy with no bowel resection as a primary procedure for extensive NEC. Data are median (range).
RESULTS: Seventeen neonates underwent a diverting jejunostomy. Eleven (65%) had multifocal disease, whereas 6 (35%) had pan-intestinal involvement. Perforation was seen in 7 (41%), all with multifocal disease. The stoma was placed 12 cm (8-45) from the duodenojejunal flexure. Six infants (35%) died, 4 of these within a day of operation, owing to persisting instability. Intestinal continuity was achieved in all survivors after 52 (17-83) days, and only 1 infant (9%) had a colonic stricture. Seven infants recovered without the need for further intestinal resection distal to the jejunostomy. In those that survived, parenteral nutrition was needed for 2.2 months (1.3-18.0). A single patient had short bowel syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: A diverting jejunostomy is a useful surgical procedure that allows high survival and enteral autonomy in the treatment of extensive NEC. In most patients, the affected intestine recovers without further intestinal resection.
Authors:
Mandela Thyoka; Simon Eaton; Edward M Kiely; Joe I Curry; David P Drake; Kate M K Cross; Nigel J Hall; A Katy Khoo; Paolo De Coppi; Agostino Pierro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1041-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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