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Outcomes, satiety, and adverse upper gastrointestinal symptoms following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20143180     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Follow-up is critical to the success of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Few data guide this and expected norms of satiety, adverse symptoms, and outcomes have not been defined.
METHODS: Consecutive patients, who underwent LAGB, were evaluated using a newly developed instrument that assessed satiety, adverse upper gastrointestinal (dysphagia, reflux, and epigastric pain), and outcomes (overall satisfaction, weight loss, and quality of life (SF-36)).
RESULTS: Three hundred twenty-three of 408 patients responded (80%; mean age 44.4 ± 11.8 years, 56 males). Excess weight loss was 52%. Satiety was greater at breakfast compared to lunch (5.3 ± 1.9 vs. 4.1 ± 1.7, p < 0.005) or dinner (3.8 ± 1.8, p < 0.005). The satisfaction score was 8.3 ± 2.1 out of 10, and 91% would have the surgery again. Quality of life was less than community norms, except in physical functioning (83.4 ± 20.5 vs. 84.7 ± 22.0, p = 0.25) and bodily pain (78.4 ± 15.2 vs. 75.9 ± 25.3, p = 0.004). Inability to consume certain foods was cited as the biggest problem by 66% of respondents. The dysphagia score was 19.9 ± 8.7; softer foods were tolerated, although difficulty was noted with firmer foods. The reflux score was 8.7 ± 9.8 and regurgitation occurred a mean of once per week. Weight loss and the mental component score were the only predictors of overall satisfaction (r (2) = 0.46, p = 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients are highly satisfied with the outcome of LAGB and achieve substantial weight after 3 years. Expected ranges of satiety, adverse symptoms, and outcomes have been defined. The most troublesome symptom is the inability to consume certain foods. Weight loss predicted overall satisfaction, regardless of adverse symptoms.
Authors:
Paul R Burton; Wendy Brown; Cheryl Laurie; Minjae Lee; Anna Korin; Margaret Anderson; Geoff Hebbard; Paul E O'Brien
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-02-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity surgery     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1708-0428     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes Surg     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106714     Medline TA:  Obes Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  574-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Obesity Research and Education (CORE), Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, paul.burton@med.monash.edu.au.
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