Document Detail


Outcomes of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Versus Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding in Adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22923312     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in obese adolescents. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 who underwent LAGB or LRYGB at our university affiliated Bariatric Center of Excellence from 2002 to 2011. Postsurgical weight loss at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months was noted and expressed as percentage of excess weight loss (% EWL). RESULTS: Thirty-two patients underwent LRYGB and 23 underwent LAGB. The LAGB group was younger (18.6 ± 0.6 versus 17.2 ± 1.5) than the LRYGB group. Other preoperative demographic factors including body mass index, gender, ethnicity, and comorbidities were similar between the two groups. The average % EWL was superior in the LRYGB group compared to the LAGB group at all time points studied (p < 0.05), although at 2-year follow-up, only 16 % (5/32) LRYGB and 30 % (7/23) LAGB patients were available for follow-up. Three patients with type II diabetes mellitus underwent LRYGB and all experienced remission of their diabetes. The number of complications requiring interventions was similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, adolescents undergoing LRYGB achieved superior weight loss compared to LAGB in the short-term follow-up. The complication rate for LAGB was similar compared to LRYGB. More studies are needed to monitor the long-term effects of these operations on adolescents before definitive recommendations can be made.
Authors:
David Y Lee; Hamza Guend; Koji Park; Jun Levine; Ronald E Ross; James J McGinty; Julio A Teixeira
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-0428     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106714     Medline TA:  Obes Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute for Bariatric and Minimally Invasive Surgery, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY, 10025, USA.
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