Document Detail


Outcome research methodology of smoking cessation trials (1994-1998).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15050666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although several reviews of smoking cessation trials have been published, none have specifically evaluated the adequacy of the studies' reporting practices in terms of describing the intervention and outcome variables used. This review evaluates the reporting procedures of 109 smoking cessation trials published in English language peer-reviewed publications from 1994 through 1998. MedLine and PsychLIT searches were used to identify potential studies. Each study was evaluated as to whether the following information was reported: (a) demographic characteristics, (b) pretreatment smoking variables, (c) study characteristics, (d) descriptions of the clinical trial, (e) follow-up procedures, and (f) posttreatment outcome measures. Although some areas of methodological strength were identified, inadequate reporting of pre- and posttreatment demographic and smoking variables was also evident. Based on this review, several areas in need of further research are identified and discussed. Lastly, consistent with other recent reviews of smoking cessation trials, this review concluded that the smoking field should consider delineating a uniform set of assessment and outcome measures and a minimum follow-up interval.
Authors:
Lori B Gutmann; Linda Carter Sobell; Melissa H Prevo; Benjamin A Toll; Cindy Levin Gutwein; Mark B Sobell; Scott M Hyman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-30     Completed Date:  2004-08-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  441-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Psychology Studies, Nova Southeastern University, 3301 College Avenue Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33314, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Trials as Topic / methods
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) / methods*
Research Design
Smoking Cessation*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AA08593/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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