Document Detail

Outcome research methodology of smoking cessation trials (1994-1998).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15050666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although several reviews of smoking cessation trials have been published, none have specifically evaluated the adequacy of the studies' reporting practices in terms of describing the intervention and outcome variables used. This review evaluates the reporting procedures of 109 smoking cessation trials published in English language peer-reviewed publications from 1994 through 1998. MedLine and PsychLIT searches were used to identify potential studies. Each study was evaluated as to whether the following information was reported: (a) demographic characteristics, (b) pretreatment smoking variables, (c) study characteristics, (d) descriptions of the clinical trial, (e) follow-up procedures, and (f) posttreatment outcome measures. Although some areas of methodological strength were identified, inadequate reporting of pre- and posttreatment demographic and smoking variables was also evident. Based on this review, several areas in need of further research are identified and discussed. Lastly, consistent with other recent reviews of smoking cessation trials, this review concluded that the smoking field should consider delineating a uniform set of assessment and outcome measures and a minimum follow-up interval.
Lori B Gutmann; Linda Carter Sobell; Melissa H Prevo; Benjamin A Toll; Cindy Levin Gutwein; Mark B Sobell; Scott M Hyman
Related Documents :
19843436 - Scheuermann's kyphosis: an update.
12540136 - Megaesophagus in the horse. a short review of the literature and 18 own cases.
17028106 - Cochrane reviews compared with industry supported meta-analyses and other meta-analyses...
20011056 - Ectopic calcification as discernible manifestation in neonates with pseudohypoparathyro...
20044146 - Respiratory tract involvement in a child with epidermolysis bullosa simplex with plecti...
24731846 - Cardiac myxoma causing acute ischemic stroke in a pediatric patient and a review of lit...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-30     Completed Date:  2004-08-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  441-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Psychology Studies, Nova Southeastern University, 3301 College Avenue Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33314, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Clinical Trials as Topic / methods
Follow-Up Studies
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) / methods*
Research Design
Smoking Cessation*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The cost effectiveness of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of pain: a systematic review of t...
Next Document:  Using a Rasch model to examine the utility of the South Oaks Gambling Screen across clinical and com...