Document Detail

Outcome of referred neonates weighing less than 2500 g.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7941010     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The pattern of morbidity and mortality of 103 neonates weighing less than 2500 g referred to a Nigerian University Teaching Hospital over a period of 30 months (March 1989-August 1991) was studied. Fifty seven (55.3%) weighted less than 1500 g, 80 (77.7%) were preterm while 23 (22.3%) were term, small for gestation. Sepsis, hypothermia, respiratory distress syndrome and birth asphyxia were the commonest problems encountered. These were also the predominant associated causes of death. The corrected mortality rate was 65.3%, the rate being higher for babies weighing less than 1500 g (chi 2 = 4.02, p < 0.05) and for small for gestational age babies (chi 2 = 5.17, p < 0.025). The early neonatal problems stemmed from suboptimal conditions of perinatal resuscitation, thermoregulation and transfer. High mortality was also caused by poor state of facilities at the referral centre. Early materno-foetal transfer during preterm labour to hospitals with facilities for optimal perinatal care would reduce morbidity and mortality.
F Njokanma; D Fagbule
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical and geographical medicine     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0041-3232     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Geogr Med     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-22     Completed Date:  1994-11-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376231     Medline TA:  Trop Geogr Med     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatric, Ogun State University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Cause of Death
Gestational Age
Hypothermia / epidemiology*,  mortality
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Nutritional Status
Referral and Consultation
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / epidemiology*,  mortality
Sepsis / epidemiology*,  mortality

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