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Outcome of monochorionic twin pregnancies with abnormal umbilical artery Doppler between 16 and 20 weeks of gestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21557688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives. To study the perinatal outcome among monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow of the umbilical artery (UA-AREDF) at 16-20 weeks of gestation. Methods. This was a retrospective study of 84 MCDA twin pregnancies, which were followed up since first trimester in a single obstetric unit. Pregnancies with fetal structural anomalies or genetic syndromes, and those with single intrauterine death before 16 weeks were excluded. The study group was divided into four groups based on the finding of UA-AREDF at the routine follow-up scan at 16-20 week, and the presence of complications at the same time of recruitment. The perinatal outcome between these groups was compared. Results. AREDF was present in 56.7% of the 30 monochorionic (MC) twins with complications at recruitment. The mortality was significantly higher among those with AREDF. Among the 54 uncomplicated cases at recruitment, only 7.41% had AREDF. The presence of isolated AREDF was associated with significantly higher incidence of growth discordance (25.0% vs. 2%). The incidence of perinatal mortality and twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome was almost doubled (25.0% vs. 9% and 25.0% vs. 14%). Conclusions. AREDF of the umbilical artery is uncommon in normal MC twin in mid-trimester. Once AREDF is present, the perinatal outcome is much worse. Doppler assessment of the umbilical artery should be considered in all MC twin pregnancies for risk assessment.
Min Pan; Min Chen; Tak Yeung Leung; Daljit Singh Sahota; Yuen Ha Ting; Tze Kin Lau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
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