Document Detail

Outcome of extremely low gestational age newborns after introduction of a revised protocol to assist preterm infants in their transition to extrauterine life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23113721     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aim:  To evaluate the outcome of a cohort of extremely low gestational age newborn infants (ELGAN) below 26-week gestation who were treated following a revised, gentle delivery room protocol to assist them in the transition and adaptation to extrauterine life. Methods:  A cohort of infants with a gestational age (GA) below 26 weeks (study group; n = 164) was treated according to a revised delivery room protocol. The protocol included an optimized prenatal management, strict use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), avoiding mechanical ventilation and early administration of surfactant without intubation. The parameters management of respiratory distress syndrome, survival, neonatal morbidity and neurodevelopmental outcome were compared with a historical control group (n = 44). Results:  Seventy-four per cent of the study group infants were initially treated with CPAP and surfactant administration without intubation. In comparison with the control group, significantly less children were intubated in the delivery room (24% vs. 41%) and needed mechanical ventilation (51% vs. 72%; both p < 0.05). Furthermore, compared with the historical control overall mortality (20% vs. 39%), rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (18% vs. 37%) and IVH > II° (10% vs. 33%) in survivors were significantly lower during the observational period (all p < 0.05). Neurodevelopmental outcome was normal in 70% of examined study group infants. Conclusions:  A revised delivery room management protocol was applied safely to infants with a GA below 26 completed weeks with improved rates of survival and morbidity.
Katrin Mehler; Judith Grimme; Julia Abele; Christoph Huenseler; Bernhard Roth; Angela Kribs
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
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