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Outcome of a dynamic neutralization system for the spine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23027487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
One hundred fourteen patients (66 men and 48 women; mean age, 49 years) underwent spine stabilization using a dynamic neutralization system between January 1999 and August 2010 for degenerative disk disease, spinal instability, or spinal stenosis. Mean follow-up was 6.8 years (range, 1-11 years). Seven patients were lost to follow-up. Radiological examination and clinical evaluation, including the Oswestry Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and patient satisfaction, were performed.Mean Oswestry Disability Index score improved from 57% (severe disability) preoperatively to 22% (moderate disability) postoperatively. Mean Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire score improved from 52% preoperatively to 35% postoperatively; 79 (74%) patients declared themselves very satisfied with the end result of the operation. Postoperatively, 27 (25%) patients experienced complications, including screw loosening (n=22), infection (n=2), back (n=5) and leg (n=2) pain, and endplate vertebral fracture (n=1). Three patients with screw loosening, 2 with deep infection, and 1 with severe persistent back and leg pain underwent rigid spine arthrodesis.Dynamic neutralization systems can be considered for degenerative disk disease, spinal instability, and stenosis. Patient satisfaction with the procedure is excellent. However, in the long term, the complication rate, most commonly screw loosening, is high and reoperations are common. In this setting, long-term follow-up is recommended, and the use of this system should be reconsidered.
George Sapkas; Andreas F Mavrogenis; Konstantinos A Starantzis; Konstantinos Soultanis; Zinon T Kokkalis; Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopedics     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1938-2367     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthopedics     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806107     Medline TA:  Orthopedics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1497-502     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.
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