Document Detail

Outcome of children with prenatally diagnosed central nervous system malformations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12528160     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of pregnancies with a prenatally diagnosed central nervous system (CNS) malformation. METHODS: Leiden University Medical Centre is a tertiary referral center for fetal ultrasound and invasive prenatal diagnosis. Maternal and neonatal records of prenatally diagnosed CNS malformations were retrospectively reviewed over a 6-year period (1993-1998). Information on current development of surviving children was obtained by contacting the care-giving pediatric neurologist. RESULTS: During the study period 124 fetuses were diagnosed with a CNS malformation. Data on pregnancy and delivery were available for 118 pregnancies. Additional malformations were present in 47% of fetuses (55/118). A total of 46% of pregnancies (54/118) were terminated, and 15% (18/118) ended in spontaneous intrauterine death. A total of 39% of pregnancies (46/118) resulted in live birth, and 29 of the infants were still alive at the age of 3 months. One child was lost to follow-up, one infant died at the age of 4 months, and two children died at the age of 3 years. Psychomotor development of the remaining 25 children was normal for five, slightly disabled for seven, moderately disabled for five and severely disabled for eight. CONCLUSION: Due to the high rate of termination of pregnancy and to the frequent association with other anomalies, the survival rate of pregnancies in which a CNS defect had been diagnosed prenatally was only 25%. More than 50% of surviving children were moderately or severely disabled.
P N Adama van Scheltema; H T C Nagel; O F Brouwer; F P H A Vandenbussche
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0960-7692     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-15     Completed Date:  2003-05-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Division of Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Central Nervous System / abnormalities*,  ultrasonography
Child, Preschool
Developmental Disabilities / etiology
Disabled Children
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy Outcome
Survival Analysis

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