Document Detail

Outcome at 8 years for children with birth weights of 1250 g or less.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8466264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The educational, motor, and behavioural performance of a hospital based cohort of 51 children aged 8 years with birth weights of 1250 g or less is reported, as part of a longitudinal study. Compared with age, race and sex matched classmates, who were examined at school at the same visit, the very low birthweight (VLBW) group performed less well on the basic mathematics test A, the Schonell spelling test, and the test of motor impairment. Reading performance was also poorer in this group. Twenty three (45%) VLBW children were having difficulty with one or more school subjects compared with 11 (19%) controls, and 15 (26%) had difficulties in two or more areas, compared with three (5%) controls. Parents of VLBW children reported a similar frequency of behavioural problems to controls but teachers identified characteristics typical of emotional disorders and overactivity more frequently among the VLBW group. Motor testing at 6 years of age was the best predictor of school problems at 8 years, correctly identifying 15/16 children with multiple problems with a low (33%) positive predictive value but a high (98%) negative predictive value. Children with birth weights of 1250 g or less and no major impairment have a high frequency of learning difficulties that become more apparent with advancing age. Such problems may be predicted at an earlier age by detailed motor testing.
N Marlow; L Roberts; R Cooke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  68     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1993 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-05-04     Completed Date:  1993-05-04     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  286-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Child Health, Liverpool Maternity Hospital.
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior / physiology
Child Behavior Disorders / physiopathology
Child Development / physiology*
Cohort Studies
Educational Measurement / methods*
Infant, Low Birth Weight / growth & development*
Infant, Newborn
Learning Disorders / physiopathology*
Motor Skills / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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