Document Detail

Outcome at 2 years of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a population-based study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12537224     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Management of neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has undergone many changes associated with increased survival of high-risk CDH. However, little is known about the long-term outcome of CDH infants. METHODS: Follow-up was performed in 85 newborn infants with CDH admitted in our neonatal intensive care unit between January 1991 and December 1998. Early (< 2 months) and late mortality (> or = 2 months), and respiratory, nutritional, musculoskeletal, and neurosensory outcome at 2 years were recorded. RESULTS: Surgical repair was performed in 59 infants (69%) at a median postnatal age of 124 (range, 38 to 246) hours. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in 26 (30%) newborn infants. Survival at 2 years was 51 of 85 (60%) (early death, 28/85 [33%]; late death, 6/85 [7%]). Late deaths occurred because of persistent pulmonary hypertension or iatrogenic complications. Twelve of 51 (24%) newborn infants were oxygen dependant at the postnatal age of 28 days, and 1 of 51 (1.9%) was still oxygen dependant at 2 years. Growth failure was noted in 9 of 51 (18%), mainly related to severe gastroesophageal reflux and oral aversion. Scoliosis was diagnosed in 2 infants. Neurologic examination at 2 years was normal in 45 of 51 (88%). Cerebral palsy and developmental delay were observed in 2 and 4 infants, respectively. Four infants (8%) experienced associated problems. Respiratory, nutritional, and musculoskeletal morbidity was higher in infants treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CDH infants are at risk for adverse nutritional and respiratory outcome. Despite severe respiratory failure at birth, prolonged oxygen therapy above 2 years of age is uncommon. Conversely, failure to thrive related at least in part to gastroesophageal reflux and oral dysfunction remains the major problem at 2 years of age. However, both nutritional and respiratory problems tend to improve with age.
Sophie M Jaillard; Véronique Pierrat; Angélina Dubois; Patrick Truffert; Pierre Lequien; Alain J Wurtz; Laurent Storme
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-22     Completed Date:  2003-02-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  250-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Palsy / etiology
Child, Preschool
Developmental Disabilities / etiology
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / adverse effects
Follow-Up Studies
Growth Disorders / etiology
Hernia, Diaphragmatic / complications,  congenital*,  mortality,  surgery
Infant, Newborn
Scoliosis / etiology

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