Document Detail

Outbreaks of tularemia in Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17579300     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Tularemia, casued by Francisella tularensis, is a zoonotic disease presenting various clinical forms. In the present study, three outbreaks of tularemia occurred from January to March and September in 2004 (first and second) and January to March in 2005 (third) are reported from the north-eastern part of Turkey. All cases originated from the same geographical location. In total, 56 patients having complaints of fever, malaise, chills and shivering, painful sore throat with swollen tonsils and enlarged cervical lymph nodes were affected and the patients were different in all cases. Forty-four, 7 and 5 people were affected in the first, second and third outbreak, respectively. The sera from all patients were analysed for the presence of F. tularensis antibodies using a microagglutination assay. Overall, of the 56 sera analysed, 39 (33, 3 and 3 were from the first, second and third outbreak, respectively) showed antibody titres of 1/160 and/or more against F. tularensis. The current report suggests that tularemia exists in north-eastern part of Turkey. The clinical manifestation of the current cases were similar to those of oropharyngeal form of tularemia. It is considered that this region should be accepted as an endemic area for tularemia and kept under control for a long period.
Mitat Sahin; Halil Ibrahim Atabay; Zafer Bicakci; Ahmet Unver; Salih Otlu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Kobe journal of medical sciences     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0023-2513     ISO Abbreviation:  Kobe J Med Sci     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-20     Completed Date:  2007-10-11     Revised Date:  2008-04-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413531     Medline TA:  Kobe J Med Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Microbiology, Veterinary Faculty, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Agglutination Tests
Antibodies, Bacterial / blood
Disease Outbreaks*
Francisella tularensis / isolation & purification*
Serologic Tests
Tularemia / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Turkey / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Bacterial

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