Document Detail

Outbreaks of infectious keratoconjunctivitis in alpine chamois and ibex in Switzerland between 2001 and 2003.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15995237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Five outbreaks of infectious keratoconjunctivitis (ikc) affecting alpine chamois and ibex in the western and central Swiss Alps were recorded in 2001 to 2003. Mycoplasma conjunctivae was identified from conjunctival swabs by means of a nested pcr in 27 of the 28 chamois tested. The outbreaks occurred in an area covering 1590 km(2). Deep valleys acted as a barrier to the spread of the disease. A total of 409 chamois and 33 ibex with clinical signs of ikc were reported. Most of the chamois were shot, primarily because they were blind or in poor general body condition. Almost a quarter were observed alive, and 16.9 per cent died as a result of ikc. Many of the affected animals were juveniles, and more females than males died of ikc. The disease was more common during the summer and autumn. The chamois affected by ikc were found at altitudes between 550 and 3200 m. The estimated overall mortality was less than 5 per cent, but more than 20 per cent may have died locally. Ibex affected by ikc were recorded in only two outbreaks. In six places, ibex with clinical signs of ikc were found before the first affected chamois appeared in the same area.
R Tschopp; J Frey; L Zimmermann; M Giacometti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  157     ISSN:  0042-4900     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-04     Completed Date:  2005-09-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY.
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MeSH Terms
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Keratoconjunctivitis, Infectious / epidemiology*,  physiopathology
Switzerland / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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