Document Detail


Outbreaks of campylobacteriosis in Australia, 2001 to 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19895264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to examine the frequency of Campylobacter outbreaks in Australia and determine common transmission routes and vehicles. Summary and unit data on Campylobacter outbreaks that occurred between January 2001 and December 2006 were systematically collected and analyzed. Data from Campylobacter mandatory notifications for the same period were used for comparison. During the study period there were 33 Campylobacter outbreaks reported, affecting 457 persons. Of these, 147 (32%) had laboratory-confirmed infections, constituting 0.1% of notified Campylobacter cases. Campylobacter outbreaks most commonly occurred during the Australian Spring (September to November; n = 14, 45%), when notifications generally peaked. Transmission was predominantly foodborne or suspected foodborne (n = 27, 82%), commercial settings (n = 15, 55%) being most commonly involved. There were eight foodborne outbreaks (30%) attributed to food prepared or eaten at institutions; four (15%) at aged care facilities and three (11%) at school camps. A vehicle or suspected vehicle was determined for 16 (59%) foodborne outbreaks; poultry (chicken or duck) was associated with 11 (41%) of these, unpasteurized milk and salad were associated with two outbreaks each. Three potential waterborne outbreaks were detected, and one was due to person-to-person transmission. Campylobacter outbreaks were more commonly detected during this study period compared to a previous 6-year period (n = 9) when prospective recording of information was not undertaken. However, outbreak cases continue to constitute a very small proportion of notifications. Improved recognition through subtyping is required to enhance outbreak detection and investigation so as to aid policy formulation for prevention of infection. In addition to detection of chicken as a common source of outbreaks, these data highlight the importance of directing policy at commercial premises, aged care facilities, and school camps to reduce Campylobacter disease burden.
Authors:
Leanne E Unicomb; Kathleen E Fullerton; Martyn D Kirk; Russell J Stafford
Related Documents :
10382664 - Limitations of molecular biological techniques for assessing the virological safety of ...
20617934 - Campylobacter jejuni gastroenteritis at an australian boarding school: consistency betw...
12004584 - A norwalk-like virus outbreak on the appalachian trail.
7955024 - Cholera in metropolitan manila: foodborne transmission via street vendors.
19713184 - Validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire among chinese women in g...
13998594 - The effects of unavoidable shocks on a multiple schedule having an avoidance component.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Foodborne pathogens and disease     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1556-7125     ISO Abbreviation:  Foodborne Pathog. Dis.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101120121     Medline TA:  Foodborne Pathog Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1241-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia. leanne@icddrb.org
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Antimicrobial Substances Produced by Coliform Strains Active Against Foodborne Pathogens.
Next Document:  Communication of ionising radiation signals--a tale of two fish.