Document Detail

Outbreak of serogroup W135 meningococcal disease after the Hajj pilgrimage, Europe, 2000.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12141959     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The 2000 Hajj (March 15-18) was followed by an outbreak of Neisseria meningitidis W135 2a: P1.2,5 in Europe. From March 18 to July 31, 2000, some 90 cases of meningococcal infection were reported from nine countries, mostly the United Kingdom (UK) and France; 14 cases were fatal. Although most early cases were in pilgrims, the outbreak spread to their contacts and then to those with no known pilgrim contact. In France and the UK, the outbreak case-fatality rate was compared with the rate reported from national surveillance. The risk of dying during this outbreak was higher in France and the UK, although the difference was not statistically significant. Prophylaxis for all pilgrims and their household contacts was offered in France; in the UK and other European countries, prophylaxis was recommended only for close contacts. No difference in transmission rates following intervention was detected between France and the UK.
Jean-François Aguilera; Anne Perrocheau; Christine Meffre; Susan Hahné;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emerging infectious diseases     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1080-6040     ISO Abbreviation:  Emerging Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-26     Completed Date:  2002-09-18     Revised Date:  2013-03-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508155     Medline TA:  Emerg Infect Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  761-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks*
Europe / epidemiology
Meningococcal Infections / epidemiology*,  mortality
Neisseria meningitidis* / classification
Saudi Arabia

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