Document Detail

Outbreak of Vibrio cholerae 01 in Hong Kong related to contaminated fish tank water.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7480605     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An outbreak of 12 cholera cases, caused by Vibrio cholerae eltor inaba, occurred in Hong Kong during a three week period in June-July 1994. Only adults of both sexes were affected. Epidemiological investigations showed linkage in all cases with consumption of seafood, including shellfish, mantis shrimps and crabs. Microbiological findings demonstrated that contaminated seawater in fish tanks used for keeping alive these seafoods is the most likely vehicle of transmission. Aggressive control measures, promptly instituted, included prohibition of use of contaminated typhoon shelter water in fish tanks, use of seawater with E. coli counts below 610 organisms/100 ml, and the banning of unlicensed food sampans in typhoon shelters. These measures, coupled with public announcements and an active health education campaign on food safety and personal hygiene, abruptly terminated the outbreak. Places which practise the use of seawater, from probable contaminated sources, to keep alive their seafood for human consumption should be alerted to the possibility of transmission of Vibrio cholerae through this route.
K M Kam; T H Leung; Y Y Ho; N K Ho; T A Saw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0033-3506     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-14     Completed Date:  1995-12-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376507     Medline TA:  Public Health     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  389-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Pathology, Sai Ying Pun Polyclinic, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Cholera / epidemiology*,  microbiology,  prevention & control,  transmission
Disease Outbreaks*
Hong Kong / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Seafood / microbiology*
Seawater / microbiology*
Vibrio cholerae* / classification

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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