Document Detail


Out-patient antimicrobial drug use in dogs and cats for new disease events from community companion animal practices in Ontario.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22942447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated oral and parenteral antimicrobial use in dogs and cats, and evaluated antimicrobial use in feline upper respiratory tract disease (FURTD), feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), and canine infectious tracheobronchitis. Study journals (n = 1807) were submitted by 84 veterinarians. Sixty-five percent of the antimicrobials prescribed in dogs and 67% in cats were β-lactams. Most frequently prescribed in dogs were cephalexin (33%) and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (16%), and in cats, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (40%) and cefovecin (17%); 7% of the prescriptions in dogs and 12% in cats were for fluoroquinolones. Sixty-seven percent of the disease events associated with canine infectious tracheobronchitis, and 70% and 74% associated with FURTD and FLUTD, respectively, were treated with antimicrobials. These results suggest that cefovecin and fluoroquinolones may be over-used and antimicrobial use for the treatment of FURTD, FLUTD, and canine infectious tracheobronchitis could probably be reduced to lessen resistance selection pressure without compromising patient health.
Authors:
Colleen P Murphy; Richard J Reid-Smith; Patrick Boerlin; J Scott Weese; John F Prescott; Nicol Janecko; Scott A McEwen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue vétérinaire canadienne     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0008-5286     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. Vet. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-03     Completed Date:  2012-11-13     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0004653     Medline TA:  Can Vet J     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1. colleen.p.murph@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents / classification,  therapeutic use*
Bacterial Infections / drug therapy,  veterinary*
Cat Diseases / drug therapy*
Cats
Dog Diseases / drug therapy*
Dogs
Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
Drug Utilization / statistics & numerical data*
Ontario
Species Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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