Document Detail


Out-of-hours exercise treadmill testing reduces length of hospital stay for chest pain admissions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24978875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The objective was to examine the impact of out-of-hours exercise treadmill tests (ETTs) on length of hospital stay (LOS) for patients admitted to a chest pain assessment unit with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome.
METHODS: Prospective observational study with 30-day follow-up of low-to-intermediate-risk chest pain patients undergoing out-of-hours ETT. Eligible patients had a nonischemic ECG, normal 6-12-h ST-segment monitoring, a negative 12-h troponin T assay, and no contraindications to exercise. Observed LOS was compared to expected LOS in the absence of out-of-hours ETT, using Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Estimated bed day savings and major adverse events at 30 days after discharge were examined.
RESULTS: Four hundred and twenty-two patients with a mean age of 52 years (SD 13 years, 25-83 years) were evaluated. Fifty-two per cent (n = 221) were men; 66% (n = 279) had one or less cardiovascular risk factors; and 79% (n = 334) of the patients presented on a Friday or Saturday. ETT was performed on a weekend day in 86% (n = 363) of the patients, facilitating same-day discharges in 71% (n =  300). The median LOS (interquartile range) was 1 day (1, 2 days) for patients assessed with out-of-hours ETT. The expected median LOS (IQR) was 3 days (2, 4 days) (P < 0.05) in the absence of out-of-hours ETT. Each out-of-hours ETT was estimated to save a mean (SD, range) of 1.6 (0.6, 1-4) bed days. Thirty-day mortality and readmission rates were 0 and 0.2% (1 of 422), respectively.
CONCLUSION: The availability of out-of-hours ETT facilitates safe early discharge and reduced LOS for low-to-moderate-risk patients admitted with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome.
Authors:
John D Groarke; Peter Crean; Niamh Adams; Terence Farrell; Kathleen Bennett; C Geraldine McMahon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-2035     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown)     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101259752     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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