Document Detail

Out-of-hand nut consumption is associated with improved nutrient intake and health risk markers in US children and adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22464805     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The purpose of this study was to determine the association of out-of-hand nut (OOHN) consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Data from 24-hour recalls from individuals aged 2+ years (n = 24 385) participating in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. The population was divided into children aged 2 to 11, 12 to 18, and adults 19+ years, and each group was dichotomized into OOHN consumers and nonconsumers. Out-of-hand nut consumers were defined as those individuals consuming ¼ oz of nuts or more per d. Means, standard errors, and covariate-adjusted analyses of variance were determined using appropriate sample weights. Diet quality was determined using the Healthy Eating Index-2005. Significance was set at P < .05. The percent of OOHN consumers increased with age: 2.1% ± 0.3%, 2.6% ± 0.3%, 6.5% ± 0.5%, and 9.6% ± 0.5% those aged 2 to 11, 12 to 18, 19 to 50, and 51+ years, respectively. The 2 latter groups were combined into a single group of consumers aged 19+ years for subsequent analyses. Consumers of OOHN from all age groups had higher intakes of energy, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, dietary fiber, copper, and magnesium and lower intakes of carbohydrates, cholesterol, and sodium than did nonconsumers. Diet quality was higher in OOHN consumers of all age groups. In children aged 2 to 11 years, consumers had a higher prevalence of overweight/obesity. In those aged 12 to 18 years, weight and percent overweight were lower in consumers. Adult consumers had higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, red blood cell folate, and serum folate levels and lower insulin, glycohemoglobin, and C-reactive protein levels than did nonconsumers. Adult consumers also had a 19% decreased risk of hypertension and a 21% decreased risk of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Data suggested that OOHN consumption was associated with improved nutrient intake, diet quality, and, in adults, a lower prevalence of 2 risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Consumption of OOHN, as part of a healthy diet, should be encouraged by health professionals.
Carol E O'Neil; Debra R Keast; Theresa A Nicklas; Victor L Fulgoni
Related Documents :
22409905 - Selenium inclusion decreases oxidative stress indicators and muscle injuries in sea bas...
22850225 - Rumen fermentation and microbial population in lactating dairy cows receiving diets con...
19364745 - Coevolution of diet and prey-specific venom activity supports the role of selection in ...
22708505 - Effect of calcium intake on fat oxidation in adults: a meta-analysis of randomized, con...
17753445 - Synergistic action of potassium chloride and magnesium sulfate on parasitoid wasp ovipo...
24913495 - 17β-estradiol increases liver and serum docosahexaenoic acid in mice fed varying level...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1879-0739     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303331     Medline TA:  Nutr Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
LSU Agricultural Center, 261 Knapp Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Dairy foods are an important source of calcium and vitamin D among Canadian-born and Asian-born Chin...
Next Document:  Vitamin D supplementation has no effect on insulin resistance assessment in women with polycystic ov...