Document Detail

The Ouchi-Spillmann illusion revisited.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23866555     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
In a disk-ring pattern composed of horizontally oriented checks in the centre and vertically oriented checks in the surround, the centre appears to slide relative to the surround when the pattern is slowly moved about. This phenomenon has been called the Ouchi illusion. Slow sliding movements may represent involuntary ocular drifts, while occasional jerks suggest a contribution by microsaccades. The conditions under which the illusion occurs both with free viewing and in the absence of involuntary eye movements are reviewed. Illusory sliding is most pronounced with diagonal movement of the stimulus pattern, resulting in apparent motion orthogonal to the orientation of the disk. The illusion requires checks of low spatial frequency; it persists with low luminance contrast and blur of the inducing pattern, but is absent at equiluminance. These results suggest a magnocellular neuronal mechanism. Sliding continues to be seen with an empty annular zone separating centre and surround, and is seen even when there is no concentric surround at all, just two abutting flanks. Nine hypotheses proposed to account for the illusory motion of the centre relative to the surround are reviewed. Among these the models based on an integration bias of local motion vectors (Mather 2000 Perception 29 721-727) and Type II plaid motion (Ashida2002 Vision Research 42 1413-1420) come closest to explaining illusory sliding in the Ouchi figure, but open questions remain. Specifically, more research is warranted to correlate the predicted with the perceived direction of sliding motion in both check and grating patterns.
Lothar Spillmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0301-0066     ISO Abbreviation:  Perception     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372307     Medline TA:  Perception     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
China Medical University, Graduate Institute for Neural and Cognitive Sciences, Taichung, Taiwan.
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