Document Detail


Other-regarding preferences in a non-human primate: common marmosets provision food altruistically.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18077409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Human cooperation is unparalleled in the animal world and rests on an altruistic concern for the welfare of genetically unrelated strangers. The evolutionary roots of human altruism, however, remain poorly understood. Recent evidence suggests a discontinuity between humans and other primates because individual chimpanzees do not spontaneously provide food to other group members, indicating a lack of concern for their welfare. Here, we demonstrate that common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) do spontaneously provide food to nonreciprocating and genetically unrelated individuals, indicating that other-regarding preferences are not unique to humans and that their evolution did not require advanced cognitive abilities such as theory of mind. Because humans and marmosets are cooperative breeders and the only two primate taxa in which such unsolicited prosociality has been found, we conclude that these prosocial predispositions may emanate from cooperative breeding.
Authors:
Judith M Burkart; Ernst Fehr; Charles Efferson; Carel P van Schaik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-13     Completed Date:  2008-01-11     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19762-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Anthropological Institute, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. judith.burkart@aim.uzh.ch
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Altruism*
Animals
Behavior, Animal*
Breeding
Callithrix*
Cooperative Behavior
Female
Food*
Humans
Male
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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