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Osteomyelitis due to Aspergillus species in chronic granulomatous disease: an update of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21615532     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder characterised by inability of phagocytes to kill catalase-positive organisms including certain fungi. Aspergillus species are the most frequent fungal pathogens. This study is a systematic review of the reported cases of osteomyelitis due to Aspergillus species in CGD patients. Retrospective analysis of 46 osteomyelitis cases caused by Aspergillus species in 43 CGD patients (three females) published in the English literature (PubMed) was performed. Twenty-three cases were due to Aspergillus fumigatus (50%), 20 to Aspergillus nidulans (43.5%), one to Aspergillus flavus and two to unspecified Aspergillus species. The median age was 8 years (range 1.5-21). Osteomyelitis due to A. nidulans was associated with pulmonary infection and involved 'small bones' more frequently than A. fumigatus osteomyelitis (P = 0.001). Amphotericin B was used in 91.3% and surgical debridement in 67.4% of all cases. The overall mortality of osteomyelitis due to Aspergillus species in CGD patients was 37%; 55% for A. nidulans compared to 13% for A. fumigatus (P = 0.008). Aspergillus fumigatus causes osteomyelitis in CGD patients almost as frequently as A. nidulans and much more frequently than A. flavus. Osteomyelitis due to A. nidulans is associated with higher mortality than A. fumigatus.
John Dotis; Emmanuel Roilides
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mycoses     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0507     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8805008     Medline TA:  Mycoses     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece 3rd Department of Pediatrics, Hippokration Hospital, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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