Document Detail


Osmoles, osmolality and osmotic pressure: clarifying the puzzle of solution concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18844546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nurses are routinely involved in the collecting and testing of urine and plasma, dialysis, the administration of intravenous fluids and the treatment of osmolar disorders, all of which require an understanding of solution concentration. This article discusses the various ways in which the concentration of solutions are stated, how they differ and why the different ways of expressing concentration are useful in human physiology. It also explains the similarities and differences between the terms used to describe solution concentration: tonicity, percentage concentration, density, specific gravity, molarity, osmolarity, osmolality and osmotic pressure. The terms osmolarity, osmolality and osmotic pressure appear routinely in textbooks used in undergraduate nursing courses but often are used incorrectly as synonyms. The usefulness and the appropriate context to use the different ways of expressing solution concentration is discussed. Osmolality (or osmolarity) should be used instead of osmotic pressure to describe the movement of water between compartments while the use of osmotic pressure should be reserved for situations where filtration and osmosis are operating together.
Authors:
Martin Caon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contemporary nurse     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1037-6178     ISO Abbreviation:  Contemp Nurse     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-10     Completed Date:  2008-11-24     Revised Date:  2012-03-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9211867     Medline TA:  Contemp Nurse     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  92-9     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
Biophysical Science, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Nursing
Osmolar Concentration*
Osmotic Pressure*
Solutions*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Solutions

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