Document Detail


Oscillatory compressional behavior of articular cartilage and its associated electromechanical properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7311495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The compressive stiffness of articular cartilage was examined in oscillatory confined compression over a wide frequency range including high frequencies relevant to impact loading. Nonlinear behavior was found when the imposed sinusoidal compression amplitude exceeded a threshold value that depended on frequency. Linear behavior was attained only by suitable control of the compression amplitude. This was enabled by real time Fourier analysis of data which provided an accurate assessment of the extent of nonlinearity. For linear viscoelastic behavior, a stiffness could be defined in the usual sense. The dependence of the stiffness on ionic strength and proteoglycan content showed that electrostatic forces between matrix charge groups contribute significantly to cartilage's compressive stiffness over the 0.001 to 20 Hz frequency range. Sinusoidal streaming potentials were also generated by oscillatory compression. A theory relating the streaming potential field to the fluid velocity field is derived and used to interpret the data. The observed magnitude of the streaming potential suggests that interstitial fluid flow is significant to cartilage behavior over the entire frequency range. The use of simultaneous streaming potential and stiffness data with an appropriate theory appears to be an important tool for assessing the relative contribution of fluid flow, intrinsic matrix viscoelasticity, or other molecular mechanisms to energy dissipation in cartilage. This method is applicable in general to hydrated, charged polymers.
Authors:
R C Lee; E H Frank; A J Grodzinsky; D K Roylance
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanical engineering     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0148-0731     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech Eng     Publication Date:  1981 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-02-25     Completed Date:  1982-02-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909584     Medline TA:  J Biomech Eng     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-92     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Action Potentials
Animals
Cartilage, Articular / analysis,  physiology*
Cattle
Elasticity
Electrophysiology / instrumentation,  methods
Fourier Analysis
Proteoglycans / physiology
Stress, Mechanical*
Uronic Acids / analysis
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AM26440/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteoglycans; 0/Uronic Acids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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