Document Detail

Os Odontoideum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7364809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of the cases of thirty-five patients with os odontoideum, the largest series reported to date, supports the concept that trauma is the etiology of the abnormality. Most of the patients had roentgenographic instability of the affected spinal segment, and were treated with spine fusion. Eleven patients had lesions attributable to injuries received before they were four years old, although surgical treatment usually was delayed for one to eight years. Nine patients had documented roentgenographic evidence of a normal odontoid process prior to the development of the os odontoideum. Only one-third of the patients had any signs or symptoms indicative of neural deficits, although most patients had cervical pain. Surgical treatment alleviated the pain and instability.
J W Fielding; R N Hensinger; R J Hawkins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0021-9355     ISO Abbreviation:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Publication Date:  1980 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-06-27     Completed Date:  1980-06-27     Revised Date:  2010-10-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014030     Medline TA:  J Bone Joint Surg Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Axis / embryology,  injuries*,  radiography
Child, Preschool
Joint Diseases / etiology,  surgery
Middle Aged
Spinal Fusion
Spinal Injuries / etiology,  surgery,  therapy*
Time Factors

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