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Orthostatic Effects on Echocardiographic Measures of Ventricular Function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22329868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Orthostatic-induced alterations in Doppler echocardiographic measures of ventricular function have not been well-defined. Identifying such changes may provide useful insights regarding the responses of these measures to variations in ventricular loading conditions. Standard assessment of mitral inflow velocity and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) of left ventricular longitudinal myocardial velocities was performed on 14 young males (mean age 17.9 ± 0.7 years) in the supine position and then 5 minutes after assuming a sitting position with legs dependent. Upon sitting, average values of stroke volume and cardiac output fell by 28% and 18%, respectively, while heart rate increased from 64 ± 10 to 73 ± 12 beats/min (+14%) and calculated systemic vascular resistance rose from 12.9 ± 2.2 to 16.4 ± 3.1 units (+27%). Mitral E peak velocity declined from 87 ± 16 to 64 ± 16 cm/sec, and average TDI-E' and TDI-S both decreased (by -44% and -20%, respectively). When adjusted for orthostatic decreases in left ventricular end-diastolic volume, the mean decrease in TDI-E' was reduced to -29 (P < 0.01), but no significant decline was observed in adjusted TDI-S. Average E/E' rose with sitting by 40% (P = 0.02). These findings suggest that (a) decreases in TDI measures when assuming the upright position reflect the reduction of left ventricular size; (b) orthostatic fall in TDI-E' is also related to smaller ventricular size but, in addition, to a nonspecified reduction in ventricular relaxation; and (c) values of E/E' do not reflect alterations in ventricular preload, which occur during an orthostatic challenge. (Echocardiography ****;**:1-5).
Authors:
Thomas Rowland; Viswanath Unnithan; Piers Barker; Miriam Guerra; Denise Roche; Martin Lindley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts Sport and Exercise Physiology Research Team, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, United Kingdom Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Universitat Ramon, Llull, Barcelona, Spain School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
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