Document Detail


Oronasal distribution of respiratory airflow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7244427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The oronasal distribution of respiratory airflow was determined during incrementally graded submaximal exercise in 30 (14 M, 16 F) healthy adult volunteers. Nasal airflow was measured by a pneumotachograph attached to a nasal mask. Oral airflow was determined as the difference between nasal airflow and total pulmonary airflow, the latter being measured by a head-out exercise body plethysmograph. The two airflow signals were sampled every 20 msec by a microprocessor, which calculated the oral and nasal minute volumes (separating inspiration and expiration) and produced an on-line print-out of the results. Twenty subjects ("normal augmenters") switched from nasal to oronasal breathing at a VE of 35.3 +/- 10.8 1 . min-1, four subjects ("mouth breathers") habitually breathed oronasally, five subjects ("nose breathers") persistently breathed through the nose only, and one subject showed no consistent nose/mouth breathing pattern. After the switch to oronasal breathing, the nasal portion of VE decreased suddenly to 57% of total VE. With a further increase of VE, oral minute volume increased rapidly, equalling nasal minute volume at a VE of 45 1 . min-1, and accounting for 61% of the total ventilation at high respiratory minute volumes (90 1 . min-1). During oronasal breathing, normal augmenters inspired some 2 1 . min-1 more nasally than they expired. Similarly, the nasal inspiration of mouth breathers exceeded expiration by 2 1 . min-1 at rest, but the difference increased to 13.51 . min-1 at a VE of 81.51 . min-1.
Authors:
V Niinimaa; P Cole; S Mintz; R J Shephard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiration physiology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0034-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Physiol     Publication Date:  1981 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-08-10     Completed Date:  1981-08-10     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047142     Medline TA:  Respir Physiol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-75     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Humans
Mouth Breathing / physiopathology
Nasal Cavity / physiology
Oropharynx / physiology*
Physical Exertion*
Respiration*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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