Document Detail


Oromandibular dystonia in encephalitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21402389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We report clinical and MRI findings of 17 patients with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) due to Japanese encephalitis (14) and nonspecific encephalitis (3). Their median age was 14(2-53) years and 9 were females. 8 patients had jaw open and 9 jaw close OMD. The severity ranged between 2 and 4 on a 0-4 scale, 11 patients were anarthric and needed tube feeding. Cranial MRI was abnormal in 13 patients; the abnormalities were in thalamus in 9, substantia nigra in 10, caudate in 3, globus pallidus and putamen in 2 each and pons in 1 patient. SPECT revealed hypoperfusion in thalamus in 4, basal ganglia in 1, frontal in 6, parietal in 3 and temporal in 1 patient. By 6months, OMD regressed completely in 6, by 1 grade in 2 and remained unchanged in 7 patients. OMD in encephalitis is mainly due to JE and half of these patients improve.
Authors:
J Kalita; U K Misra; P K Pradhan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the neurological sciences     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-5883     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375403     Medline TA:  J Neurol Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Nuclear Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
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