Document Detail

Ornaments of the earliest Upper Paleolithic: new insights from the Levant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11390976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two sites located on the northern Levantine coast, Uçağizli Cave (Turkey) and Ksar 'Akil (Lebanon) have yielded numerous marine shell beads in association with early Upper Paleolithic stone tools. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates indicate ages between 39,000 and 41,000 radiocarbon years (roughly 41,000-43,000 calendar years) for the oldest ornament-bearing levels in Uçağizli Cave. Based on stratigraphic evidence, the earliest shell beads from Ksar 'Akil may be even older. These artifacts provide some of the earliest evidence for traditions of personal ornament manufacture by Upper Paleolithic humans in western Asia, comparable in age to similar objects from Eastern Europe and Africa. The new data show that the initial appearance of Upper Paleolithic ornament technologies was essentially simultaneous on three continents. The early appearance and proliferation of ornament technologies appears to have been contingent on variable demographic or social conditions.
S L Kuhn; M C Stiner; D S Reese; E Güleç
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2001-06-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-20     Completed Date:  2001-07-26     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7641-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0030,
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MeSH Terms
Carbon Radioisotopes
Clothing* / history
Europe, Eastern
History, Ancient
Manufactured Materials* / history
Mass Spectrometry
Mediterranean Region
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbon Radioisotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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