Document Detail


Orienting responses and habituation among persons with traumatic brain injury: distinctive aspects of apathetic and disinhibited behaviours.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17577709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study focused on basic attentional impairments among persons with TBI who were behaviourally evaluated as suffering from either apathetic or disinhibition symptoms.
METHODS: Differences in orienting responses (ORs) and habituation rates were examined between patients (n = 18) and controls (n = 18) and between two TBI sub-groups: Apathetic (n = 9) and disinhibited patients (n = 9). Skin conductance responses were used to measure ORs and habituation rates.
RESULTS: The results revealed that the TBI patients did not differ from the control group in their ORs and habituation rate. However, marked differences emerged between the two TBI sub-groups. Apathetic patients presented attenuated ORs and more rapid habituation as compared to disinhibited patients. The findings indicate that when examining attentional impairments in the TBI population, different attentional patterns may counterbalance each other.
CONCLUSION: As a result, the performance of the entire group may not adequately reflect the basic attentional impairments of its members. The study of attention deficits may benefit from consideration of systematic neuro-pathological differences within the TBI population.
Authors:
K Serebro-Sorek; G Ben Shakhar; D Hoofien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0269-9052     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-19     Completed Date:  2008-02-05     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  583-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Adult
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology,  physiopathology*
Brain Injuries / physiopathology*,  psychology*
Case-Control Studies
Electric Conductivity
Female
Habituation, Psychophysiologic / physiology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mood Disorders / etiology,  physiopathology*
Orientation / physiology*
Skin / innervation,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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