Document Detail

Oriented Morphogenesis of ZnO Nanostructures from Water-Soluble Zinc Salts under Environmentally Mild Conditions and Their Optical Properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22170624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Herein, we report a bottom-up, mineralization strategy, which borrows key principles from biomineralization processes, to synthesize nanostructured materials. A long-chain polyamine simultaneously mineralizes and assembles ZnO nanoparticles directly from water-soluble zinc salts under sustainable synthesis conditions. These thus-generated oriented structures undergo interesting morphogenesis that is controlled by changing the ratio of polyamine/Zn(2+) ions. As the ratio increases, the morphology changes from a spherical shape to oval-, dumbbell-, and finally hexagonal-rod-shaped structures that contain unique hollow rod structures. Using XPS, XRD, FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, DLS, and confocal fluorescence microscopic analysis, we elucidate the mechanism of structural evolution; this mechanism involves the initial formation of a zinc/amine complex that is furnished with polyamine chains. These chains facilitate the condensation process to form ZnO nanoparticles and their assembly in aqueous medium at neutral pH. Further, the presence of defects in the thus-morphogenized ZnO structures leads to blue luminescence and efficient photoinduced activity, assisted by the surface-hole-trapping effect of polyamines.
Joydeb Manna; Rohit Kumar Rana
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1521-3765     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513783     Medline TA:  Chemistry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Nanomaterials Laboratory, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, Indian Institute Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad-500607 (India), Fax: (+91) 4027-160-921.
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