Document Detail


Organohalogen and organophosphorus pesticides in mixed feed rations: findings from FDA's domestic surveillance during fiscal years 1989-1994.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8920144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During Fiscal Years 1989-1994, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) collected and analyzed 545 domestic surveillance samples of mixed feed rations (172 for cattle, 125 for poultry, 83 for swine, 61 for pets, 56 for fish, and 48 miscellaneous). All samples were analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography for organohalogen and organophosphorus pesticides. Of the 545 samples, 88 (16.1%) did not contain detectable pesticide residues. In the 457 samples with detectable pesticide levels, 804 residues (654 quantitable and 150 trace) were found. None of these 804 residues exceeded regulatory guidance. Malathion, chlorpyrifos-methyl, diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and pirimiphos-methyl were the most commonly detected pesticides. These 5 organophosphorus pesticides accounted for 93.4% of all pesticide residues detected (malathion, 52.9%; chlorpyrifos-methyl, 25.2%; diazinon, 7.7%; chlorpyrifos, 4.9%; and pirimiphos-methyl, 2.7%). Their median values in samples containing quantitable levels ranged from 0.014 to 0.098 ppm. The most commonly detected organohalogen compounds were methoxychlor, DDE, PCB, dieldrin, pentachloronitrobenzene, and lindane. These 6 compounds combined accounted for only 4.1% of all residues detected. FDA is continuing its pesticide surveillance of feeds to help ensure animal safety and prevent violative residues in food derived from animals.
Authors:
R A Lovell; D G McChesney; W D Price
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AOAC International     Volume:  79     ISSN:  1060-3271     ISO Abbreviation:  J AOAC Int     Publication Date:    1996 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-26     Completed Date:  1996-12-26     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215446     Medline TA:  J AOAC Int     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  544-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Veterinary Medicine, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD 20855, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / analysis*,  statistics & numerical data
Food Contamination / statistics & numerical data*
Hydrocarbons, Halogenated / analysis*
Insecticides / analysis*
Organophosphorus Compounds*
Pesticide Residues / analysis*
United States
United States Food and Drug Administration
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hydrocarbons, Halogenated; 0/Insecticides; 0/Organophosphorus Compounds; 0/Pesticide Residues

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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