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Organochlorines, lead, and mercury in Akwesasne Mohawk youth.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12782498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Most humans have detectable body burdens of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and p,p'-dichlorophenyldichloroethylene p,p'-DDE), a metabolite of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). Native American communities may be at increased risk of exposure through subsistence-based diets and greater physical contact with contaminated soil and water. In this article we describe the levels of toxicants (PCBs, p,p'-DDE, HCB, mirex, lead, and mercury) among youth 10-17 years old (n = 271) of the Akwesasne Mohawk Nation. Ultratrace, congener-specific PCB analysis of human serum quantitated 83 PCB congeners (plus 18 as pairs/triplets), in addition to p,p'-DDE, HCB, and mirex, and included all major Aroclor-derived congeners typically present in human samples. Twenty congeners (in 16 chromatographic peaks) were detected in 50% or more of the individuals sampled [geometric mean (GM) of the sum of these congeners = 0.66 ppb]. Thirteen congeners (in 10 peaks) were detected in 75% or more of the samples (GM = 0.51 ppb). Of the 20 congeners detected in 50% or more of the samples, 17 had five or more chlorine substitutions. International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry congeners 118, 101(+90), and 153 were detected in nearly all participants (GM = 0.06 ppb, 0.05 ppb, 0.09 ppb, respectively). p,p'-DDE and HCB were detected in 100% and 98% of the samples (GM: p,p'-DDE = 0.37 ppb; HCB = 0.03 ppb). Mirex was detected in approximately 46% of the samples (GM = 0.02 ppb). No cases of elevated lead level were observed. One participant had a mercury level marginally higher than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's current level of concern (0.50 microg/dL). Although differences in analytic methods and participant ages limit comparability, toxicant levels from the Mohawk youth are lower than those associated with severe food contamination (Yusho and Yu-cheng) but similar to other chronically exposed groups.
Authors:
Lawrence M Schell; Lech A Hubicki; Anthony P DeCaprio; Mia V Gallo; Julia Ravenscroft; Alice Tarbell; Agnes Jacobs; Dawn David; Priscilla Worswick;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health perspectives     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0091-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Health Perspect.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-17     Completed Date:  2003-11-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330411     Medline TA:  Environ Health Perspect     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  954-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York 12222, USA. l.schell@albany.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Body Burden
Child
Chromatography, Gas
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects,  analysis*
Female
Humans
Indians, North American*
Interviews as Topic
Lead / blood*
Male
Mercury / blood*
New York
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / blood*
Spectrophotometry, Atomic
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 7439-92-1/Lead; 7439-97-6/Mercury
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Full Text
Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): Environ Health Perspect
ISSN: 0091-6765
Article Information
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Print publication date: Month: 6 Year: 2003
Volume: 111 Issue: 7
First Page: 954 Last Page: 961
ID: 1241531
PubMed Id: 12782498

Organochlorines, lead, and mercury in Akwesasne Mohawk youth.
Lawrence M Schell
Lech A Hubicki
Anthony P DeCaprio
Mia V Gallo
Julia Ravenscroft
Alice Tarbell
Agnes Jacobs
Dawn David
Priscilla Worswick
Akwesasne Task Force on the Environment
Department of Epidemiology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York 12222, USA. l.schell@albany.edu


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