Document Detail


Organochlorine pesticides in umbilical cord blood serum of women from Southern Spain and adherence to the Mediterranean diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20188779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exposure of pregnant women to organochlorine (OC) pesticides largely derives from contaminated food, but environmental, occupational, and domestic factors have also been implicated. We investigated the presence of nine OC residues in the umbilical cord blood of newborns in Southern Spain and analyzed the relationship of this exposure with maternal and pregnancy variables, including maternal adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD). OCs were detected in 95% of umbilical cord blood samples from the 318 mothers, who had a mean degree of adherence to the MD of 56.77 (SD: 16.35) (range, 0-100). The MD prioritizes consumption of vegetable and fruit over meat and dairy products, and OCs are generally lipophilic molecules that accumulate in foods of animal origin. Consumption of meat, fish, and dairy products was associated with dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in umbilical cord serum, and dairy product intake with lindane. Vegetable consumption was also associated with lindane and fruit intake with endosulfan I. We found no significant association between MD adherence and the presence of OC residues in serum. However, closer adherence to the MD may offer greater protection against OC exposure because of its reduced content in meat and dairy products.
Authors:
M Mariscal-Arcas; C Lopez-Martinez; A Granada; N Olea; M L Lorenzo-Tovar; F Olea-Serrano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-02-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-14     Completed Date:  2010-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1311-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Diet, Mediterranean*
Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Pollutants / blood*
Female
Fetal Blood / chemistry*
Humans
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / blood*
Male
Maternal Exposure
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Middle Aged
Pesticides / blood*
Pregnancy
Spain
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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