Document Detail

Organochlorine, organobromine, metal, and selenium residues in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) collected during an unusual mortality event in the Gulf of Mexico, 1990.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7755403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), cis-chlordane, oxychlordane, heptachlor epoxide, mirex, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), lindane, octachlorostyrene (OCS), p,p'-DDE,p,p'-DDT, dieldrin, triphenylphosphate (TPP), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PB-DPEs) were measured in the blubber, and five metals (mercury, lead, cadmium, chromium, and manganese) and selenium were measured in the liver of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) obtained from the Gulf of Mexico during an unusual mortality event in 1990. The collection of animals included fetuses, sucklings (< 1 year old), immature dolphins (2-5 years old), and adults of both sexes. PCBs, p,p'-DDE, HCB, and PBDPEs were detected in the blubber of each animal. Mean concentrations of organic contaminants were generally highest in adult males. p,p'-DDE was the single component analyte measured at the highest concentration. Immature females had greater concentrations of most chlorinated organics than adult females. Mercury and cadmium concentrations in liver increased with increasing age-class. The correlation between mercury and selenium in all animals was r = 0.96, with a mole ratio of 0.90. Concentrations of lead, manganese, cadmium, and chromium did not follow any particular age-class trend.
D W Kuehl; R Haebler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0090-4341     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-21     Completed Date:  1995-06-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357245     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Contam Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  494-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth, Minnesota 55804, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Suckling
Dolphins* / metabolism
Fetus / drug effects
Insecticides / metabolism,  poisoning*
Metals / metabolism,  poisoning*
Poisoning / mortality,  veterinary
Polybrominated Biphenyls / metabolism,  poisoning*
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / metabolism,  poisoning*
Selenium / metabolism,  poisoning*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Metals; 0/Polybrominated Biphenyls; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 7782-49-2/Selenium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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