Document Detail

Organization of the chemosensory neuroepithelium of the vomeronasal organ of the Scandinavian moose Alces alces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19833105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A functional vomeronasal organ is present in most land-living vertebrates, but not in all. Studies in a limited number of mammals have shown that stimulation of the vomeronasal neurons by odorous cues from conspecifics can lead to changes in innate behaviors in association to e.g. mating and aggression. Given the role of the organ in detecting odorous molecules important for species-specific communication, investigations of the structure of the vomeronasal organ within the mammalian group are warranted. Wild Scandinavian moose (Alces alces) is an even-toed ungulate (order: Artiodactyla) and the largest representative of the deer family Cervidae. This is the first study of the vomeronasal organ of a deer species that includes immunohistochemistry. The gross anatomy of the tubular vomeronasal organ of moose was investigated including a nasopalatine duct that may allow for entrance of odorous substances from the oral and nasal cavities. The histology of the neuroepithelial part, in moose of both sexes, appeared overall similar to that of representatives of other Artiodactyla families. Basement membrane, structural epithelial cells, glia and sensory neurons were analyzed by expression of specific markers. The results suggest that the vomeronasal neuroepithelium of even-toed ungulates is more similar in organization to that of carnivores than e.g. rodents with regard to the relative number of sensory neurons and presence of functionally distinct populations of neurons.
Viktoria Vedin; Bj??rn Eriksson; Anna Berghard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  1306     ISSN:  1872-6240     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-27     Completed Date:  2010-02-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular Biology, Byggn. 6L, Ume?? University, SE-90187 Ume??, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Basement Membrane / anatomy & histology,  cytology,  metabolism
Epithelial Cells / cytology,  metabolism
Nasal Mucosa / anatomy & histology*,  cytology,  metabolism
Neuroepithelial Cells* / cytology,  metabolism
Neuroglia / cytology,  metabolism
Ruminants / anatomy & histology*,  metabolism
Sensory Receptor Cells / cytology,  metabolism
Sex Characteristics
Species Specificity
Vomeronasal Organ / anatomy & histology*,  cytology,  metabolism

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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