Document Detail


Organic molecular compositions and size distributions of chinese summer and autumn aerosols from nanjing: characteristic haze event caused by wheat straw burning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19764207     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Size-segregated aerosol samples were collected in urban Nanjing, China during summer and autumn of 2007 including a period of hazy days during June 1-5. Organic aerosols in the haze event were characterized by elevated concentrations of levoglucosan, high molecular weight (HMW) n-alkanes, and HMW fatty acids due to the emissions from field burning of wheat straw. In contrast, organic aerosols on nonhazy days were characterized by a predominance of fossil fuel combustion products. Levoglucosan (4030 n g m(-3)), n-alkanes (1520 ng m(-3)), fatty acids (2629 ng m(-3)), and PAHs (57 ng m(-3)) in the haze samples were 3-40 times more abundant than those in nonevent samples. Approximately 30-90% ofthe organics during the haze period can be attributed to wheat straw burning. Concentrations of particulate material (PM) mass, n-alkanes, and low molecular weight (LMW) PAHs showed a unimodal size distribution, peaking at 0.7-1.1 microm during the hazy days, and a bimodal distribution, peaking at 0.7-1.1 microm and 4.7-5.8 microm during nonhazy days. The geometric mean diameters (GMDs) of organic aerosols are larger in the fine mode (<2.1 microm) during the hazy days, suggesting aerosols emitted from the wheat straw burning are larger than those from fossil fuel combustion, and fine particle coagulation and organic compound repartitioning were enhanced.
Authors:
Gehui Wang; Kimitaka Kawamura; Mingjie Xie; Shuyuan Hu; Junji Cao; Zhisheng An; John G Waston; Judith C Chow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-21     Completed Date:  2009-11-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6493-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710075, China. wanggh@ieecas.cn
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols
Air Pollutants / chemistry*
Alkanes / chemistry*
China
Environmental Monitoring
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Molecular Conformation
Molecular Weight
Particle Size
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic / chemistry*
Seasons*
Smoke / analysis*
Triticum* / growth & development
Urban Health
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Air Pollutants; 0/Alkanes; 0/Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; 0/Smoke

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