Document Detail


Organic chemistry of balms used in the preparation of pharaonic meat mummies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24248384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The funeral preparations for ancient Egyptian dead were extensive. Tomb walls were often elaborately painted and inscribed with scenes and objects deemed desirable for the afterlife. Votive objects, furniture, clothing, jewelry, and importantly, food including bread, cereals, fruit, jars of wine, beer, oil, meat, and poultry were included in the burial goods. An intriguing feature of the meat and poultry produced for the deceased from the highest levels of Egyptian society was that they were mummified to ensure their preservation. However, little is known about the way they were prepared, such as whether balms were used, and if they were used, how they compared with those applied to human and animal mummies? We present herein the results of lipid biomarker and stable carbon isotope investigations of tissues, bandaging, and organic balms associated with a variety of meat mummies that reveal that treatments ranged from simple desiccation and wrapping in bandages to, in the case of the tomb of Yuya and Tjuia (18th Dynasty, 1386-1349 BC), a balm associated with a beef rib mummy containing a high abundance of Pistacia resin and, thus, more sophisticated than the balms found on many contemporaneous human mummies.
Authors:
Katherine A Clark; Salima Ikram; Richard P Evershed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-18     Completed Date:  2014-02-24     Revised Date:  2014-06-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20392-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle
Desiccation
Humans
Meat*
Mummies*
Triterpenes / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Triterpenes
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Dec 17;110(51):20352-3   [PMID:  24284167 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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