Document Detail

Organic buildup and residual blood on infant stethoscopes in maternal-infant areas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10102541     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To identify the presence of residual blood and organic matter on "clean" stethoscopes in maternal-infant units. DESIGN: In this retrospective, nonexperimental study, stethoscopes were tested using qualitative measurements. SETTING: Using a nonprobability sampling technique, 11 acute care hospitals in a three-state area of the southwestern United States were studied. PARTICIPANTS: All stethoscopes found on the maternal-infant units were included, for a total sample size of 97. INSTRUMENTS: A hand-held 10-power lens was used to visually rank the amount of organic buildup, and the phenolphthalein test was used to detect residual blood on the stethoscope. RESULTS: Of 97 clean infant stethoscopes, 80% of labor and delivery and 72% of nursery stethoscopes had organic buildup on the diaphragm. Both areas had similar rates of organic buildup, chi2 (1, N = 97) = 1.00, p = ns. Nursery areas did have significantly lower rates of residual blood than stethoscopes from labor and delivery, phi2 (1, N = 97) = 9.89, p = .002. Seventy-six percent of labor and delivery stethoscopes were positive for blood, as compared to 46% of nursery stethoscopes. CONCLUSIONS: Traditional methods for cleaning stethoscopes used in labor and delivery and nursery areas are ineffective in removing blood and other body fluids from the stethoscope.
J M Nick
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1999 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-19     Completed Date:  1999-05-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-50     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
School of Nursing at Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Delivery Rooms*
Equipment Contamination*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal-Child Nursing*
Nurseries, Hospital*
Retrospective Studies
Southwestern United States
Stethoscopes / standards*

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