Document Detail


Orbitofrontal cortex contributions to food selection and decision making.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19787309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: From a neuroeconomics perspective, decisions about what to eat are ultimately determined by basic features of how the brain codes and contrasts the values of different rewards and the potential positive or negative consequences of eating the food. Several brain regions play a role in this valuation and comparison process. Among these regions, the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), which occupies the ventral surface of the frontal lobe, plays a critical integrative role in these processes. An examination of the influences on valuation both within the OFC and in related brain regions reveals several features that are likely to impact food selection. These include coding of rewards relative to other available rewards, general and specific satiety, and temporal discounting. The OFC also processes information about negative valuations (i.e., cost, negative health consequences), which are influenced by factors such as temporal discounting, probability and ambiguity.
CONCLUSION: An understanding of these influences on positive and negative valuation is critical in designing diets and public health programs aimed at promoting healthy eating.
Authors:
David H Zald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2009-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  38 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-21     Completed Date:  2010-04-09     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S18-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Choice Behavior
Decision Making / physiology*
Food
Food Habits / psychology
Food Preferences / physiology*
Health Food
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Prefrontal Cortex / physiology*
Reward
Taste / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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