Document Detail

Orbital floor reconstruction with resorbable polydioxanone implants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22337397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT: Many different materials are proposed for reconstruction of traumatic orbital floor defects. Donor-site morbidity of autologous transplants and infections or extrusions of nonresorbable implants lead to a widespread use of resorbable, alloplastic materials such as polydioxanone (PDS). The goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of orbital floor fracture-related problems after surgical treatment using PDS.Ophthalmologic and clinical examinations were performed at 194 patients before orbital floor reconstruction, 14 days and 6 months after surgery (approximate defect sizes: <1 cm, n = 50; 1-2 cm, n = 97; >2 cm, n = 47). Clinical findings including the ocular motility, the sensibility of the infraorbital nerve, and the position of the globe were evaluated. For statistical analysis of categorical data, confidence intervals of percentages were determined. Linear relationships between 2 variables were assessed with Pearson correlation analysis.A reduced ocular motility was diagnosed in 60 patients (31%) before surgery; in 14 patients (7%), 2 weeks; and in 10 patients (5%), 6 months after surgery. Infraorbital hypesthesia was found in 120 patients (62%) before surgery; in 47 patients (24%), 2 weeks; and in 35 patients (18%), 6 months after surgery. An enophthalmos was present in 10 patients (5%) before surgery, and in 4 patients (2%), 6 months after surgery.Our data suggest that PDS is a suitable implant for orbital floor reconstruction with acceptable low rates of infraorbital hypesthesia, bulbus motility disturbances, and enophthalmos. Polydioxanone can also be used for orbital floor defects exceeding 2 cm.
Matthias Gierloff; Niels Gunnar Karl Seeck; Ingo Springer; Stephanthomas Becker; Christian Kandzia; Jörg Wiltfang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of craniofacial surgery     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1536-3732     ISO Abbreviation:  J Craniofac Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010410     Medline TA:  J Craniofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-4     Citation Subset:  D    
From the *Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel; and †Privat Praxis, Flensburg, Germany; ‡Aesthetic Clinic AS, Oslo, Norway; and §Department of Ophthalmology, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.
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