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On-Orbit Prospective Echocardiography on International Space Station Crew.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21535119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives: A prospective trial of echocardiography was conducted on six crew members onboard the International Space Station. The main objective was to determine the efficacy of remotely guided tele-echocardiography, including just-in-time e-training methods and determine what is "space normal" echocardiographic data. Methods: Each crew member operator (n = 6) had 2-hour preflight training. Baseline echocardiographic data were collected 55-167 days preflight. Similar equipment was used in each 60-minute in-flight session (mean microgravity exposure - 114 days [34 - 190]). On-orbit ultrasound (US) operators used an e-learning system within 24 hours of these sessions. Expert assistance was provided using US video downlink and two-way voice. Testing was repeated 5-16 days after landing. Separate ANOVA was used on each echocardiographic variable (n = 33). Within each ANOVA, three tests were made: (a) effect of mission phase (preflight, in-flight, postflight); (b) effect of echo technician (two technicians independently analyzed the data); (c) interaction between mission phase and technician. Results: Eleven rejections of the null hypothesis (mission phase or technician or both had no effect) were found that could be considered for possible follow up. Of these, eight rejections were for significant technician effects, not space flight. Three rejections of the null hypothesis (aortic valve time velocity integral, mitral E-wave velocity, and heart rate) were attributable to space flight but determine to not be clinically significant. No rejections were due to the interaction between technician and space flight. Conclusion: Thus, we found no consistent clinically significant effects of long-duration space flight on echocardiographic variables of the given group of subjects. (Echocardiography, ****;**:1-11).
Authors:
Douglas R Hamilton; Ashot E Sargsyan; David S Martin; Kathleen M Garcia; Shannon L Melton; Alan Feiveson; Scott A Dulchavsky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Wyle Laboratories, Houston, Texas Human Adaptation and Countermeasures Division, NASA - Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas Department of Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.
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