Document Detail


Orally administered L-arginine does not alter right ventricular hypertrophy in chronically hypoxic rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8141415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Evidence suggests that nitric oxide synthesis within the pulmonary circulation may be attenuated during chronic hypoxia in Wistar rats due to reduced L-arginine availability. In contrast, chronically hypoxic Sprague-Dawley rats exhibit normal endothelium-dependent pulmonary vasodilation. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether 1) Wistar rats demonstrate greater right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy in response to chronic hypoxia than Sprague-Dawley rats and 2) chronic administration of L-arginine would diminish this response in Wistar rats. L-Arginine had no effect on the degree of hypoxia-induced RV hypertrophy or polycythemia in either strain of rat. However, Wistar rats demonstrated greater hypoxia-induced RV hypertrophy and polycythemia compared with Sprague-Dawley rats. To determine whether chronically hypoxic Wistar rats indeed exhibit impaired endothelium-dependent pulmonary vasodilation, isolated lungs from control and chronically hypoxic Wistar rats were administered the endothelium-dependent pulmonary vasodilators A23187 or vasopressin. Vasodilatory responses to either agent were unaffected by chronic hypoxic exposure. We conclude that endothelium-dependent pulmonary vasodilation is maintained in the pulmonary circulation of chronically hypoxic Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats.
Authors:
T C Resta; B R Walker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  266     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-26     Completed Date:  1994-04-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R559-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque 87131.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Animals
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Arginine / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Heart / drug effects*
Heart Ventricles
Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular / etiology,  physiopathology*
Isomerism
Polycythemia / physiopathology
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Rats, Wistar
Species Specificity
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-42778/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
74-79-3/Arginine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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