Document Detail


Oral lesions in Thai heterosexual AIDS patients: a preliminary study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9115839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To study the types of oral lesions in Thai heterosexual AIDS patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study and single centre. SETTING: Medical ward of the Prince of Songkla University Hospital, Thailand, from June 1994 to May 1995. SUBJECTS: Heterosexual AIDS patients who had been admitted because of opportunistic infections and/or neoplasms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Types of oral lesions, opportunistic systemic diseases present and drugs in use, as well as the lymphocyte count, were recorded in each patient. Mycological investigations by the oral rinse technique were also performed. RESULTS: 41 patients were examined (32 male, 9 female; aged 19-53 years, median 29 years). Oral lesions were found in 35 (85%) patients as follows: oral candidiasis (31), hairy leukoplakia (3), aphthous ulcer (3), linear gingival erythema (2), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (2) and histoplasmosis (2). CANDIDA ALBICANS: was isolated in 31 patients. There was correlation between the clinical signs of oral candidiasis and the colony-forming units of Candida (Mann-Whitney U test; two-tailed P = 0.0007). CONCLUSIONS: Oral candidiasis was the most common lesion. It is of interest that non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was the only neoplasm detected. We conclude that oral lesions among Thai heterosexual AIDS patients may differ from those in other countries.
Authors:
W Nittayananta; S Jealae; S Chungpanich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British dental journal     Volume:  182     ISSN:  0007-0610     ISO Abbreviation:  Br Dent J     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-24     Completed Date:  1997-04-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513219     Medline TA:  Br Dent J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-21     Citation Subset:  D; IM; X    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Dentistry, Prince of Songkla University, Haadyai, Songkhla, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology*
Adult
Candidiasis, Oral / epidemiology,  etiology
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Gingival Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology
Histoplasmosis / epidemiology,  etiology
Humans
Leukoplakia, Oral / epidemiology,  etiology
Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Mouth Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology*
Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology,  etiology
Sexuality
Statistics, Nonparametric
Stomatitis, Aphthous / epidemiology,  etiology
Thailand / epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications,  epidemiology

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