Document Detail

Oral immunotherapy for the treatment of food allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22624447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Food allergies have increased significantly over recent decades and are the most common cause of admissions for anaphylaxis in childhood, particularly in children under 5 years of age. Current management of food allergy is limited to strict food allergen avoidance together with education on the recognition and emergency management of allergic reactions, and in some cases provision of self-injectable adrenaline. Although this supportive management approach is generally effective, it is burdensome for patients and families, and in turn leads to reduced quality of life. Patients with food allergy would benefit greatly from a definitive treatment that could achieve long-term tolerance. Recent studies demonstrate that oral immunotherapy (OIT) can induce desensitization and modulate allergen-specific immune responses. However, it remains uncertain whether long-term tolerance can be achieved with current OIT regimens. Increased allergen dose, duration of OIT and/or inclusion of an immune modifying adjuvant may enhance the tolerogenic potential of OLT. Allergic reactions during OIT are common, although severe reactions are infrequent. Oral immunotherapy holds promise as a novel approach to the definitive treatment of food allergy.
Intan H Ismail; Mimi L K Tang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1565-1088     ISO Abbreviation:  Isr. Med. Assoc. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100930740     Medline TA:  Isr Med Assoc J     Country:  Israel    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Allergy and Immune Disorders, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
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