Document Detail

Oral health of young Alaska Native children and their caregivers in Southwestern Alaska.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12650085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of caries and associated risk factors in young Native children and their caregivers in two communities in rural Alaska. METHODS: A random sample of Alaska Native children between 12-36 months and a subset of their caregivers from two Southwestern Alaska communities were examined for dental decay. Caregivers completed a 43-item questionnaire about oral hygiene, dietary and other practices. RESULTS: Of the 65 children examined, 59% had evidence of decay. Among the 41 primary caregivers examined, 98% had experienced dental decay with an average of 11.4 decayed, missing, and filled teeth. On linear regression analyses, factors significantly associated with more decay in the children included a child taking a juice-containing bottle to bed, eating candy 1 or more times per day, and higher caregiver oral S. mutans counts. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that preventive efforts for children at high risk for dental decay should begin early in life, should emphasize decreasing candy and bedtime juice bottle use, and should consider the caregivers' oral health status in addition to the child's.
Charlotte W Lewis; Christine A Riedy; David C Grossman; Peter K Domoto; Marilyn C Roberts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alaska medicine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0002-4538     ISO Abbreviation:  Alaska Med     Publication Date:    2002 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-24     Completed Date:  2003-04-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370457     Medline TA:  Alaska Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Child Health Institute, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-4920, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alaska / epidemiology
Caregivers / statistics & numerical data*
Child, Preschool
Dental Caries / ethnology*
Diet, Cariogenic
Inuits / statistics & numerical data*
Linear Models
Oral Health / standards*
Oral Hygiene
Risk Factors
Tobacco, Smokeless
Comment In:
Alaska Med. 2003 Apr-Jun;45(2):57   [PMID:  12971066 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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