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Oral habits in a group of consecutively treated orthodontic patients, using standardized video recordings for diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22214318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective. To investigate the prevalence and correlation of soft tissue dysfunctions documented by standardized video recordings in a group of orthodontic patients and to evaluate orthodontic treatment changes. Subjects and methods. The presence of an oral habit was evaluated from standardized pre- and post-treatment video recordings of 80 consecutive patients (30 boys and 50 girls, mean age 12.2 ± 1.7 years). Any digit-sucking habit was noted during a routine interview. Pre- and post-treatment cephalograms were traced to assess sagittal and vertical jaw and incisor relationships. Correlations and differences were tested for statistical significance using the t-test and Odds-ratio. Results. 56.3% had one or more habits before treatment. The total prevalence fell during treatment. A clear correlation was found between digit sucking and atypical tongue activity. Pre-treatment cephalograms showed that patients with a habit had a larger overjet, smaller overbite, more proclined and protruded incisors, a greater ANB angle and a greater inter-maxillary angle (ML/NL) than those without a habit. Cephalometric differences between the groups after orthodontic treatment were much less pronounced. Those with an oral habit also showed a tendency for increased treatment time/number of visits. Conclusions. Standardized video recordings improved the reliability of the recordings of the oral soft tissue dysfunctions. Their overall reduction after the end of orthodontic treatment coincided with a normalization of the sagittal skeletal and dental variables.
Authors:
Nina Torgersbråten; Leif Linge; Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta odontologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1502-3850     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370344     Medline TA:  Acta Odontol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo , Norway.
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